Self-managed super funds (SMSF) are becoming an increasingly popular alternative to retail or industry superannuation funds because they allow people to control their own super investments for their retirement.
The difference between an SMSF and other types of fund is that the members of an SMSF are usually also the trustees. This means the members of the SMSF run it for their own benefit and are responsible for complying with the super and tax laws.
SMSFs are established for the sole purpose of providing financial benefits to its members in retirement and must strictly comply with rules regulated by the Australian Taxation Office.
An SMSF needs to be set up correctly so that it’s eligible for tax concessions, able to receive contributions and is easy to administer.
If you are considering setting up an SMSF there are some basic things you need to have in place to remain compliant with the rules.
SMSF Trust Deed
An SMSF is a type of trust used to manage retirement savings on behalf of its members.
A trust requires a trustee/s, assets, beneficiaries and the intention to create a trust. The trust deed sets out the rules for establishing and operating your SMSF, including the names of the trustees and the beneficiaries of the fund.
For an SMSF to comply with the rules regarding its structure:
- It must have 4 (or fewer) members;
- Each individual trustee must also be a member;
- Each director of a corporate trustee must also be a member;
- No member can be an employee of another member – unless the two members are related; and
- No trustee can receive payment from the fund for their services as trustee.
In setting up your SMSF trust structure you have two options when it comes to appointing the required trustee;
- Corporate trustee – a company acts as the trustee of the SMSF and each member is a director of the corporate trustee. This structure provides a range of benefits over the individual trustee structure although it usually costs more to establish,
- Individual trustees – each member of the SMSF is appointed as a trustee of the fund and there must be a minimum of 2 trustees. The main advantage of an individual trustee structure is the low set up costs.
If you set up an SMSF, you make the investment decisions for the fund and you’re responsible for complying with the law.
How you plan to invest your SMSF assets ensuring that the fund is likely to meet your retirement needs, must be set out in writing and you must adhere to this strategy to remain compliant.
Financial & Administrative Responsibilities
As a trustee, you have a number of financial and administrative obligations.
You need to keep comprehensive records and every year you’ll need to have an accountant prepare financial statements, lodge them with the ATO and organise an independent audit by an approved SMSF auditor.
Failing to meet your obligations may result in the SMSF not complying with the rules and penalties for the trustee.
You can accept contributions for your members from various sources but there are some restrictions, mostly depending on the member’s age and the contribution caps.
You need to manage your fund’s investments in the best interests of fund members and in accordance with the law. The SMSF’s investments must be separate from all personal and business affairs of fund members and used only to provide retirement benefits.
Generally your SMSF can only pay a member’s super when the member reaches their ‘preservation age’ and meets one of the conditions of release, such as retirement. The payment may be an income stream (like a pension) or a lump sum, depending on the circumstances.
There are significant penalties for releasing super benefits without meeting a condition of release.
Binding death nomination
In the event of death you should nominate in writing who should receive your super benefits.
If you’re considering setting up an SMSF you need to consider the responsibilities you are undertaking, you will also need:
- money in the fund which is sufficient to make set up and yearly running costs worthwhile,
- a budget for ongoing expenses including accounting, tax, audit, legal and financial advice,
- time to manage the fund,
- financial experience and skills enabling you to make sound investment decisions.
You can also pay an adviser a fee to do the administration or help with the investment decisions for your SMSF. However, you cannot pass on the responsibility of being a trustee or director, so be sure you understand what decisions your adviser is making.
We have specialist superannuation lawyers with extensive experience in all aspects of superannuation law and regulation who guide, advise and assist clients in the establishment and operation of self-managed superannuation funds.
If you are considering the establishment of an SMSF and would like any help or advice please contact us on 08 8210 5400 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.